Festivals, traditions, customs and habits in the UK, the USA and the ČR
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22 Festivals, traditions, customs and habits in the UK, the USA and theČR UK New Year’s Eve & New Year’s Day New Year’s Eve is eve before New Year’s Day People traditionally take a shower in the fountains on Trafalgar Square in Scotland called Hogmanay Valentine’s day many people send a card to the one they love or someone whom they have fallen in love with these cards are usually unsigned - so people spent a lot of time on trying to guess who has sent them Lent1 púst the day before lent is called is Pancake Day (Shrove Tuesday) - people usually eat pancakes pancake is a flat cake made from thin batter2 (milk, flour and eggs) and cooked on both sides usually in a frying pan in some towns hold pancake races on this day - people run through the streets holding a frying pan and throwing the pancake in the air and who drops the pancake looses the race Lent starts with Ash3 Wednesday this habit refers to the time when Christ went into desert and fasted4 for forty days today this habit is not so usual - people are not able to stay forty days without food - and from this habit is today only eating pancakes Easter first Sunday after first spring full moon Palm Sunday - the Sunday before Easter celebrated in commemoration of Christ’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem Good Friday - eating cross buns5 - bought in bakers, toasted and eaten with butter Easter Sunday - celebrate the idea of new birth - giving each other chocolate eggs Easter Monday (holiday) people travel to seaside - watch sport events such as football or horse-racing May Day 1st May - celebrate the end of winter public holiday in honour of working people people made Maypoles - tall ribbon-wreathed6 pole7 - usually forming a centres for dances dancers are dancing traditional dances such as a Morris dance Halloween Hallowe’en means “holy evening” - old Celtic feast 31st October - the eve of All Saints’ Day or All Hallows Day people mainly children are dressed up in disguise8 to pretend that they are ghosts or witches connected with witches9 and ghosts10 people cut horrible faces from potatoes, gourd11 and other vegetables and put candle inside, which shines through the eyes, nose and mouth outside the house are huge, orange, carved pumpkins with candles lit inside some games such as trying to eat an apple from a bucket of water without using hands Guy Fawkes Night 5th November - from history (see) people made fireworks and bonfires12 and throw a dummy13 into it - dummy is called “guy” (like Guy Fawkes) children collect money to have fireworks - they say “Penny for the guy” now many fireworks are organised by the local councils to avoid the danger of accidents history: In 1605 King James I. was on the throne. As a Protestant, he was very unpopular with Roman Catholics. Some of them planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament on 5th November of that year, when the King was going to open Parliament. Under the House of Lords they had stored thirty-six barrels of gun powder14 , which were to be exploded by a man called Guy Fawkes. However one of the plotters15 spoke about these plans and Fawkes was discovered, arrested and later hanged. Remembrance Sunday formerly16 Armistice Day, or Poppy Day the Sunday nearest to 11th November - commemorating the armistice17 of 11th November 1918 terminating the First World War, and all those who died in the two World Wars a two-minute silence is observer at 11 am people wear an artificial poppy18 on that day - originally the poppies symbolised the soldiers who died in the cornfields19 of Flanders20 , Belgium, in the First World War Christmas 24th December - Christmas Eve 25th December - Christmas Day with Christmas morning 26th December - Boxing Day most important festival of the year - it combines Christian celebration of the birth of Christ and traditional festivities of winter traditions - most important is giving presents; Christmas tree came from Norway - in the corner of the front room, glittering21 with coloured lights and decorations; families decorate their houses with brightly coloured paper or holly22 on the Sunday before Christmas many churches hold a carol23 service where special hymns are sung sometimes carol-singers can be heard on the streets as they collect money for charity on Christmas Eve children let a long sock or stocking24 at the end of their bed and they hope that Father Christmas (Santa Claus) will come down the chimney during the night and bring them small presents, fruit and nuts - no traditional celebration at Christmas morning are presents found under the Christmas tree on Christmas Day the family will sit down to a big turkey dinner followed by Christmas pudding they will probably pull a cracker with another member of the family - it will make a loud crack and a coloured hat, small toy and joke will fall out afternoon they watch the Queen on television as she delivers her traditional Christmas message to the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth at tea-time people can eat a piece of Christmas cake or eat hot mince pie25 on Boxing Day people visit friends and relatives or some of the many sporting events on Boxing Day it is also usual to give a present of money to tradesmen - the milkman, the postman, etc. people usually go to a pantomime on that day - based on traditional fairy tale, especially for children - these tales come from all over the world - “The Sleeping Beauty” from Persia, “Little Red Ridding Hood” was written by Brothers Grimm of Germany, etc. Some other special days Twelfth Night - 6th January April Fool’s Day - 1st April Mother’s Day or Mothering Sunday - second Sunday in May Father’s Day - third Sunday in June Bank Holidays - public holidays when banks, post offices, shops and some attractions are closed. Bank holidays remain constant each year, i.e. they always occur on Monday (the late Spring Bank Holiday is the last Monday in May), but the date changes each year Midsummer Dar - 24th June - ceremonies in honour of the Sun have been held from the earliest ti