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Political, CR, GB

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Executive power means taking care of every-day business and administration of the whole country. One of the most important tasks is managing the country's budget. This power belongs to Government and partially to the head of state. The most powerful political parties from the last legislative elections are: - ANO 2011 movement - ODS (Civil Democratic Party) - Czech Pirate Party - Freedom and Direct Democracy - Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia - Czech Social Democratic Party - Christian and Democratic Union- Czechoslovak People's Party - TOP 09 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Queen Elizabeth II The government is a major executive political body, so it takes care of the every-day business and administration of the state. The Government controls and decides over the country's budget. It's usually assembled by the leader of the winning political party. He proposes it to the Chief of the State (the Monarch or the President) who then appoints the Government. The Government members are called ministers. They lead different departments - each of whom cover different areas. The most important departments or ministries are the Treasury Department (or the Ministry of Finance), the Department of Education, the Department of Defence, the Department of Justice, the Department of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Health. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. The House of Lords has 783 members who are not elected by the public. They are appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister. Political systems in the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom In both the United Kingdom and the Czech Republic, there are 3 main powers which are necessary to run the country. President Miloš Zeman The Queen (currently Elizabeth II) is the head of the UK, the other 15 independent Commonwealth countries and resides in Buckingham Palace in London. According to tradition, on some occasions she's called Her Majesty. The Czech Republic is a parliamentary republic The head of the Czech Government is the Prime Minister, currently Andrej babiš from the ANO 2011 movement. The Government is supervised by Parliament and answerable to it. The Government of the Czech Republic Parliament The Czech Parliament consists of two chambers. The Upper House is called the Senate and has 81 members. The Lower House - the Chamber of Deputies - has 200 seats. Both chambers of the Czech Parliament have legislative power, which means Senators as well as Deputies can make or change the laws. They also supervise the Government and may vote on its decisions. The President of the Czech Republic is the head of state with an important role in Czech politics. His signature is usually necessary to make laws come into force. He is elected every 5 years. Until 2012, he was elected by Parliament, but now, he's elected by the citizens. Parliament ...is the power of deciding guilt and penalty for criminal offences. This power should be completely independent and is held by the courts and professional judges. . . This means that unlike the Czech Republic, the formal head of state is the current monarch, not the president. The function is hereditary and lifetime (if the Monarch doesn't abdicate during their reign). Every Monarch must be coronated at the beginning of his or her reign. I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I . Like the President, the members of the Czech Parliament are also elected by the citizens. LEGISLATIVE POWER He also appoints the Prime Minister as well as other ministers, but he should respect the results of the elections and the Prime Ministers' advice. Aside from politicians, he appoints judges, professors and members of the board of the central bank. This means that although the President is the head of state, other political bodies like the Parliament and the Government hold the real power. Czech citizens British citizens Both the President and the Queen have some powers in common. They are both the commanders in chief of the armies. Like the Czech President, the British Queen also appoints the Government - the Prime Minister and other ministers - reflecting the election results. They both have limited executive powers. The biggest difference between the British Queen and the Czech President is that the British Queen or any other British Monarch is not elected to the British throne. The British Monarch is automatically succeeded after his or her death by the first member in the succession line, formed by the members of the Royal family - the next British Monarch will be Charles, Prince of Wales, Queen Elizabeth's son. All voters in the Czech Republic must have Czech citizenship and be 18 and older. Taking part in the general election in the UK is allowed to all British citizens who are 18 years old or over. JUDICIAL POWER LE G IS LA T IV E P O W E R E X E C U T IV E P O W E R E X E C U T IV E P O W E R EXECUTIVE POWER E X E C U T IV E P O W E R LE G IS LA T IV E P O W E R Her Majesty's Government Like voting, not all people can stand in the elections as a candidate. The British Parliament meets in the Palace of Westminster and consists of a Lower House - The House of Commons - and a Upper House - The House of Lords. It's the most powerful legislative body in the UK, so it has the political power to make laws or change existing ones. The public elects 650 Members of Parliament (members of the House of Commons) every 5 years. The Constitution of the Czech Republic came into force in 1993. It defines the institutions governing the country, the state's sovereignty and stands above all other laws. The head of the UK Government is the Prime Minister (currently Theresa May from the Conservative Party), who is accountable to Parliament, both the Lower and Upper House. Unlike in the United Kingdom, both Chambers of the Czech Parliament are elected by the public, but the Senate is elected in different elections. The "legislative elections" form the Chamber of Deputies and

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