The early american history (vikings, 1492, 1607 Jamestown, Civil war)
Stáhnout kompletní materiál zdarma (19,23 kB)
Níže je uveden pouze náhled materiálu. Kliknutím na tlačítko 'Stáhnout soubor' stáhnete kompletní formátovaný materiál ve formátu DOCX.
EARLY AMERICAN HISTORY - Discovery x exploration – sm we know about its existence Suddenly happens - Vikings – 1000, Leif Ericson - Christopher Columbus 1492 – 10th October Columbus Day - Amerigo Vespucci – name -The French, Dutch, British, Spanish, Portuguese - sphere of influence -1492 Christopher Columbus – Italian serving Spanish queen, he intended to go to India and found a new path but discovered America – Indians – thought he is in India, 3 ships, symbol of exploration - native inhabitants – indigenons (native) population –The Amerindians general term to refer to Indians - The Mohawks, The Cherokeez, The Dakotas, The Apache - fights between European settlers and Indians -Americans – all the people in America that came - Londoners, Yorkies (Yorkshire), Germans, Swiss, Africans -indentured servants = employee who is bound by a forced contract to work without pay for the owner for a period of time - they lived in pueblos - settlements not colonies - The first settlement 1607 Virginia Jamestown -British – The Pilgrim Fathers = the English settlers who established the Plymouth (plymuth) colony inMassachusetts, they were Dutch, German, Irish - puritans, religious refugees, try to escape religious persecution and prosecution - large protestant group -fundamentalists – protestants, but puritans because believed in fundamental ideas, pleasure was prohibited – focused on the Old testament - people should live according to it - most of then spoke English, but from Netherlands, Ireland, Germany - 1620s started cruise in Plymouth - port, ship Mayflower - during the journey half of them died - arrived in Massachusetts + Vermont, Pennsylvania, New York –New England states - first settlement Plymouth - Massachusetts one of the most important -Mayflowercompact – document, signed on the board of the ship, signed by all 41 men -ship - they declared that when they land/arrive, they will decide about everything together – equality between men - Declaration of Independence, Constitution – Mayflower compact was very first document signed by people coming to America in which they decide/proclaim that from now on they will decide together - no leading person, board – together – men - první pilíře demokracie Strangers = people of other believe - diet was poor, they didn’t know the plants and the animals - Indians –Squanto tribe, chief!!!!!!!! - they helped him how to grow corn, hunt, how to prepare wild turkey – this saved their life - first harvest lead to firstThanksgiving Day – celebration of surviving, friendship between native, celebrated last Thursday in November, after black Friday, Thomas Jefferson made it national holiday - strong legacy, heritage of the Mayflower – Massachusetts – Boston – quite enlarge elite class that still refer themselves to be potomci -BostonBrahmins – Hinduism, India, - kasty, ta důležitá, vypůjčili si jméno - přímí potomci, elites do not fit well,Dudleys, Cabots, Winslows - příjmení -Yankee – north and east, during civil war xDickies - intellectuals, live in one Boston neighbourhood, surnames,protestants, exclusive, Harvard, accent - only marry within clans, keep both names - white protestant rich educated - late 19th early 20th century, extravagant – lions like pets¨ - posh - permanent settlement – Jamestown 1607 –king James - James – king, Virginia – Elizabeth I. - Virginia company – population –colony – Elizabeth I. - entrepreneurs = podnikatelé - they will get rich, richer people, had enough money to buy the slaves - labour, kids, prisoners, not slaves indentured servants (7 years – then free) - 2 prisoners sentenced to death, 1 gone to America, other one preferred to stay in prison - certain chunk of population for whom going in unknown country was only option, nothing to lose - brides for sale - young, Pocahontas, Virginia company took prostitutes from streets of London and brought them there, taken to usa - young girls 15-19 - sold for 120 pounds of tobacco leaves THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE - 4th of July 1776 1) - taxation impost by the British – because of seven years war (FRxVB) – conflict over superiority over European power over seas - first global conflict = French Indian war – term used by Americans - British won, cost of the war – proto daně - empire, in debt, needed funds - said to the colonists that they need to pay for the expenses - Oliver Cromwell –navigation acts - applied on list of gods and comodities - colonies were forbidden to trate with other country than England -The Stamp Act: 1765 – kolek = zákon o kolkovném – BRITISH WERE IN DEBT FROM SEVEN YEARS WAR – NEEDED TO RAISE MONEY – 1756 - 1763 Na všechno papírové zboží (časopis, noviny, karty) I legal documents – drahé, making money from it - colonists se bouří - all the paper products – newspaper, magazines, legal documents - “no taxation without representation” is tyrony – Franklin recycled it - founding fathers= constitution and declaration – Adams. Jefferson, Franklin - wanted to have representation, didn’t want to break from British empire - 1st Continental Congress- wanted to stay as part of Britain - 2nd political and military accion - Boston Massacre – nelíbil se jim stamp act - colonists were angry because of the stamp act, they gaddered, protested, Boston Harbour, british soldiers, troops - Paul Revere – engraving (rytina) was published I nthe boston gazzete - troops marched into the crowd, they started to throw snow balls, stones in the snow balls, colonists were the first start - one of British troops is depicted Proč je to ve favour of colonists? 1.command/order 2. faces 3. enjoying the violence 4. colonists – gentlemen 5. butches hall, customs office 6. women Butchers hall – symbolize opprecion, customs office – cla, stamps, taxation - propaganda Americans started the conflict, not British 1770 1770 Boston massacre - 1773 Boston tea party - dressed as Indians – get some time, to not be blamed - led to independence -reaction to boston tea party: British imposed the Intolerable Acts (coers